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Exquisite Pottery Figurine —— Pottery Figurine Exhibition

      Pottery figurine refers to all kinds of terracotta warriors and animal warriors made of terracotta clay, which is an important content in ancient Chinese arts.

      The collection of terracotta warriors in the past dynasties is rich in subject and diverse in form, and most of them come from archaeological excavations, forming a relatively complete time sequence of West and East Han dynasties, North dynasty, Sui and Tang dynasties, Song and Ming dynasties.

      The clay figures of Han dynasty are humble and dignified, the South dynasty are graceful and dignified, the North dynasty are bold and unrestrained, and the Sui and Tang dynasties are graceful, reflecting the characteristics of different times and artistic styles. In particular, Han warriors are the most prominent representative of Xuzhou cultural relics in Han dynasty.


     Part1 Pottery Figurine of Han Dynasty

Pottery figurines buried with the dead in Han dynasty was the most popular and abundant among the ancient times. Compared with the Qin terracotta warriors, the terracotta warriors of Han dynasty were smaller in proportion but more close to life.

The number of pottery figures of Han dynasty unearthed in Xuzhou reached more than 6,000, which is the largest number found in the region except the capital Chang 'an of Han dynasty. The Shizishan terracotta warriors and horses with huge military array and primitive shape,the elegant and graceful dancing figures with lute in hands and the colourful and lifelike Beidongshan guards figurines are rare treasures in China.

1. Restoration Display of Terracotta Warriors at Shizishan

      In the eastern part of the mausoleum park of the king of Chu, there are nearly 20 burial pits with a large scale and in good order. The excavated terracotta burial pit restored in 2004 is 3.2 meters long from north to south, 2.3 meters wide from east to west and 2.5 meters deep. According to the research, the pit symbolizes the guards of the court and the standing terracotta on the north side of the terracotta army should be the leader of the guard.

1. Painted Guard Figurines at Beidongshan

227 painted guard figurines were found in seven niches on either side of the tomb of the king of Chu at Beidongshan. Most of these terracotta figures are well preserved, and their costumes are colorful and diverse, with smooth and elegant lines. With vivid and meticulous facial expressions and fine eyebrows and whiskers, it is the best preserved group of painted figurines of Han dynasty. There are quite a number of painted pottery figures wearing the seal "Langzhong" or "Zhonglang" at the bottom of the ribbon. The research believes that these painted pottery figures should be the guards of the king of Chu.

1. Music and Dancing Pottery Figurine at Tuolanshan

A group of music and dancing figurines at tuolanshan displayed here recreated the scene of music and dancing in the court of Chu kingdom in West Han dynasty. There are two types: dancing figurines and music figurines. The former one is on single sleeve and the later is on double sleeves with a “S”shape. The former dance with elegant and implicit posture and the latter with warm,bold and unrestrained dance posture; Music figurines are concentrating on the instrument playing with stroking, blowing, hitting and other different positions. According to the historical record, Liu bang's wife, Mrs. Qi, is good at the "sleeve bending dance”. These figures unearthed in Xuzhou should perform this kind of dance, which was popular at that time. 

1. Terracotta Warriors and Horses at Shizishan

Xuzhou Han terracotta warriors and horses pit is located about 400 meters west away from the tomb of the king of Chu. A total of six terracotta pits were found, which was divided into two pit groups, north and south. In the south, there are four pits, including three east-west pits and one north-south pit. In the north, there are two east-west pits for chariots and horses, forming a complete and complementary military array of the Chu kingdom. A total of more than 4,000 pottery figurines were unearthed, including army officials, infantry soldiers, chariots, cavalry and horses.

The pit of the terracotta warriors and horses completely reproduces the real historical appearance of Chu army in the early West Han dynasty.

Part2 Pottery Figurines of Wei, Jin, South and North Dynasties

      The pottery figures of Wei, Jin, South and North dynasties found in Xuzhou region, on the basis of inheriting the essence of the pottery and sculpture techniques of the previous dynasties, have rich contents and diverse forms, and are characterized by both the beauty of South dynasty and the roughness of North dynasty. The official figurines  have a peaceful face, a slender figure, and a broad belt, reflecting the graceful and elegant demeanor of Wei and Jin dynasties. The terracotta figures of Hu ethnic have deep eyes, high nose, short clothes and trousers, which are different from the traditional costumes of the people from central plains. The animal pottery figures with different poses are vivid and lively.

Part3 Pottery Figurines from Sui Dynasty to Ming Dynasty

Sui and Tang dynasties are another peak in the history of Chinese ancient pottery figurines. The figurines of Sui dynasty followed the elegance of Wei and Jin dynasties, while began to take shape in the figurines of Tang dynasty. Tri-colored figurines of Tang dynasty are unique figurines. A large number of the terracotta figures like the civil servants, the horses and the camels were unearthed in the Mahuazhuang tomb in the north of Xuzhou. The pottery figurine of a lying woman with three characters "Luxiusu" on it was unearthed from Song dynasty tomb at the southern foot of the king of Chu mountain, which is the work of Xiao pit in Song dynasty.